a framework for designing student learning environments for the future

What are affordances?

Affordances are the aspects or qualities of a space that allow actions or experiences. Donald Norman refers to ‘perceived affordances’ (1999) to emphasize the fact that it is not just the actual facilities or action possibilities of a space, but the users’ perceptions that matter. The affordances of MIT’s fabled Building 10, for example, were minimal; but the users perceived them as rich with possibilities.

Local and international examples of affordances.

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